What Causes People to Self-Harm

Approx. 2,300 words

Learning objective

The learning objective for this tutorial points towards how and why non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) occurs. Presently, the general understanding is that people self-harm either because they become emotionally overwhelmed with specific stressors, or they self-blame for not being “good enough”. Thus, NSSI serves to release tension or acts as a punishment for not meeting perceived standards. In which case, this article focuses on investigating whether NSSI regulates:

  • affective valence in addition to affective arousal; or
  • serves a cognitive regulation function in addition to an affect regulation function (Franklin et al., 2010)

Presently, NSSI is not available as a formal diagnosis. The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM-5) has relegated NSSI in a section on “Conditions for Further Study.” Non-suicidal self- injury is not listed in the classifications system of the International Classification of Diseases, tenth revision (ICD-10).

Read the full article

Enter Carol Edward's reading zone to read the full article "What Causes People to Self-Harm?". Groups welcome - simply click to add in the section that allows you to buy more than one item at a time. You will receive in your inbox a PASSWORD within 1-3 days. This password will allow you (and your group) to enter the reading zone. A homework check is included in this 2,300 word tutorial to reinforce the learning objectives. Plus, interaction with the author is available via the comments section.


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